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karate basic

kuniba kai,shito ryu,nofear dojo,karate do

JAPANESE TO ENGLISH CONVERSION

GENERAL TERMINOLOGY

COUNTING :

1. ICHI : ONE

2. NI : TWO

3. SAN : THREE

4. SHI/YON : FOUR

5. GO : FIVE

6. ROKU : SIX

7. NANA/SHICHI : SEVEN

8. HACHI : EIGHT

9. KU : NINE

10. JU : TEN

11. JUICHI : ELEVEN

12. JU NI : TWELVE ... ONWARDS

20. NIJU : TWENTY

30. SANJU : THIRTY

40. YOUNJU : FORTY

50. GOJU : FIFTY

60. ROKUJU : SIXTY

70. SHICHIJU : SEVENTY

80. HACHIJU : EIGHTY

90. KUJU : NINETY

100. HYAKU : HUNDRED

GENERAL TERMS :

1. ONEGAI SHIMAS : PLEASE TEACH ME

2. SEIZA : KNEEL

3. SENSEI NI REI : BOW TO TEACHER

4. OTGAI NI REI : BOW TO ALL

5. KIRITS : STAND JUMP INTO ATTENTION STANCE

6. DOJO : TRAINING PLACE

7. SENSEI : TEACHER

8. DAI – SENSEI : GRAND MASTER

9. KARATE – DO : WAY OF THE EMPTY HAND

10. YOI : READY

11. YAME : STOP IMMEDIATELY

12. SHIN KOKYU : LESS BREATHE (IN FUDO DACHI)

13. CORYNASHI : FROM START TO FINISH IN OWN TIME

14. MAWATTE : TURN

15. HIDARI : LEFT

16. MIGI : RIGHT

17. HAJIME : START

18. WAZA ARI : WINNER

19. JOGAI :OUTSIDE COMPETTION AREA

20. WAZA ARI : HALF POINT

21. IPPON : FULL POINT

22. SHIRO : WHITE

23. AKA : RED

24. SHUSHIN : REFEREE

25. FUKUSHIN : JUDGE

26. KANSA : ARBITRATOR

27. SHOBU SANBON HAJIME : START THE EXTENDED OUT

28. SHOBU HAJIME : START THE EXTENDED BOUT

29. MOTO NO ICHI : ORIGINAL POSITION

30. TSUZUKETE : FIGHT ON

31. TSUZUKETE HAJIME : RESUME FIGHTING – BEGIN !

32. SHUGO : JUDGES CALLED (GATHER or MEET)

33. HANTEI : JUDGEMENT

34. KIKIWAKE : DRAW

35. TORIMASEN : UNACCEPTABLE AS SCORING TECHNIQUE

36. AIUCHI : SIMULTANEOUS SCORING TECHNIQUES

37. ATENAI YONI : WARNING WITHOUT PENALTY

38. KEIKOKU : WARNING WITH WAZA-ARI PENALTY

39. HANSOKU : FOUL

40. HANSOKU – CHUI : WARNING WITHIN IPPON PENALTY

41. JOGAI –KEIKOKU : SECOND EXIT FORM FIGHTING AREA WAZA-ARI PENALTY IS GIVEN TO THE OPPONENT

42. JOGAI HANSOKU – CHUI : THIRD EXIT FROM FIGHTING AREA , REFEREE ANNOUNCES VICTORY TO THE OPPONENT.

43. JOGAI – HANSOKU : FOURTH & FINAL EXIT FROM FIGHTING AREA, REFEREE ANNOUNCES VICTORY TO THE OPPONENT

44. SHIKKAKU : DISQUALIFICATION

46. KIKEN : RENUNCIATION

47. MUBOBI : WARNING FOR LACK OF REGARD FOR ONES OWN SAFETY

48. MUBOBI – KEIKOKU : WARNING WITH WAZA-ARI PENALTY

49. GI (KARATE GI) : KARATE UNIFORM

50. OBI : BELT

51. BUNKAI : DECOMPOSITION OF MOVES FOR KATA APPLICATION

52. DOMO ARIGATO GOZAI MASHITA :THANK YOU VERY MUCH

GENERAL TERMS IN DOJO :

1.SEMPAI : SENIOR

2. KOOHAI : JUNIOR

3.KARATEKA : KARATE STUDENT

4.OUGHS : WISHING – GREETING – HELLO

5.REI : BOW

6.KUN BAAN WAA : BOW TO THE DOJO AT THE ENTRANCE

7.SHOMEIN NI REI : BOW TO THE DOJO–ALTER–WHERE USUALLY GRAND MASTER SITS AND KARATE FOREFATHERS PORTRAITS IS DISPLAYED

8.SENPAI NI REI : BOW TO THE SENIOR

9.MOKUSO : CLOSE THE EYES (FOR MEDITATION)

10.MOKUSO YAMATE : OPEN THE EYES

11.NAWTTE : FINISH OR STOP

12.THUTS : GET UP

13.KAMATEE : GET READY FOR ACTION

14.KIAI : SHOUT

15. SHITO-RESHI MAAS: EXCUSE ME FROM THE DOJO

16. TAMESHIWARI : BREAKING

17.MAE : FRONT

18.YOKO : SIDE

19.USHIRO : BACK

20.JODAN : UPPER

21. GEDAN : LOWER

22.TOBI : JUMP

23. HAIMAWATTE : TURN TO THE BACK

24.HAYAME : RELAX

25.BRENZOKU WAZE : COMBINATION TECHNIQUES

26.TAISABAKI : SIDE STEPPING

27.KIHONS : BASICS

28.MAKIWARE : STRIKING BOARD USED FOR CONDITIONING HANDS AND LEGS, 

ALSO FOR TARGET PRACTICES.

29.KATA : PER-ARRANGED DEFENSE AND OFFENCE TECHNICAL MOVEMENTS IN A SEQUENCES, COMPOSED BY GRAND MASTER OF KARATE.

30. KYUJUTSU : BOW AND ARROW TECHNIQUE

31.BAJUTSU: HORSEMANSHIP

32. KENJUTSU : HORSEMANSHIP

33.SOJUTSU : SPEAR TECHNIQUE 

34. NAGINATE JUTSU : HALF BEND TECHNIQUE

35.SOMU (SOMAI) : BASIC FORM OF UNCLAD GRAPPLING

36.KUMI UCHI : FROM OF ARMOUR GRAPPLING

37.GNEKETSU : ASSAULTING VITAL POINTS

38.JUJUTSU : ENCOUNTER WITH MINIMUM USE OF WEAPON

39.UCHI NE : THROWING OF ARROW BY HAND

40.IQI JU5WU : SWORDSMANSHIP (DEFENSIVE)

41.SHURIKEN JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE OF THROWING SMALL BALADED WEAPONS

42.PUK BARI : A TECHNIQUE OF THROWING SMALL NEEDLES BY MOUTH

43.GEKIGAN JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING BALL AND CHAIN

44. CHIGIRI KI JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING BALL AND CHAIN ATTACHED TO A SHORT STICK

45.JUTTO JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING SHORT METAL TRUNCHEON.

46.TESSEN JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING THE IRON HANDFAN.

47.BOJUTSU : STAFF ART

48. JOJUTSU : STICK ART

49.SODEGARAMI JUTUS : A TECHNIQUE EMPLOYING A CHAIN BALL SICKLE WEAPON

50.SODEGARAMI JUTSU : A TECHNIQUR EMPLOYING A BARBED POLE TO UNDNARE THE VICTIM

GENERAL TERMS IN DOJO :

1.SEMPAI : SENIOR

2. KOOHAI : JUNIOR

3.KARATEKA : KARATE STUDENT

4.OUGHS : WISHING – GREETING – HELLO

5.REI : BOW

6.KUN BAAN WAA : BOW TO THE DOJO AT THE ENTRANCE

7.SHOMEIN NI REI : BOW TO THE DOJO–ALTER–WHERE USUALLY GRAND MASTER SITS AND KARATE FOREFATHERS PORTRAITS IS DISPLAYED

8.SENPAI NI REI : BOW TO THE SENIOR

9.MOKUSO : CLOSE THE EYES (FOR MEDITATION)

10.MOKUSO YAMATE : OPEN THE EYES

11.NAWTTE : FINISH OR STOP

12.THUTS : GET UP

13.KAMATEE : GET READY FOR ACTION

14.KIAI : SHOUT

15. SHITO-RESHI MAAS: EXCUSE ME FROM THE DOJO

16. TAMESHIWARI : BREAKING

17.MAE : FRONT

18.YOKO : SIDE

19.USHIRO : BACK

20.JODAN : UPPER

21. GEDAN : LOWER

22.TOBI : JUMP

23. HAIMAWATTE : TURN TO THE BACK

24.HAYAME : RELAX

25.BRENZOKU WAZE : COMBINATION TECHNIQUES

26.TAISABAKI : SIDE STEPPING

27.KIHONS : BASICS

28.MAKIWARE : STRIKING BOARD USED FOR CONDITIONING HANDS AND LEGS, 

ALSO FOR TARGET PRACTICES.

29.KATA : PER-ARRANGED DEFENSE AND OFFENCE TECHNICAL MOVEMENTS IN A SEQUENCES, COMPOSED BY GRAND MASTER OF KARATE.

30. KYUJUTSU : BOW AND ARROW TECHNIQUE

31.BAJUTSU: HORSEMANSHIP

32. KENJUTSU : HORSEMANSHIP

33.SOJUTSU : SPEAR TECHNIQUE 

34. NAGINATE JUTSU : HALF BEND TECHNIQUE

35.SOMU (SOMAI) : BASIC FORM OF UNCLAD GRAPPLING

36.KUMI UCHI : FROM OF ARMOUR GRAPPLING

37.GNEKETSU : ASSAULTING VITAL POINTS

38.JUJUTSU : ENCOUNTER WITH MINIMUM USE OF WEAPON

39.UCHI NE : THROWING OF ARROW BY HAND

40.IQI JU5WU : SWORDSMANSHIP (DEFENSIVE)

41.SHURIKEN JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE OF THROWING SMALL BALADED WEAPONS

42.PUK BARI : A TECHNIQUE OF THROWING SMALL NEEDLES BY MOUTH

43.GEKIGAN JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING BALL AND CHAIN

44. CHIGIRI KI JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING BALL AND CHAIN ATTACHED TO A SHORT STICK

45.JUTTO JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING SHORT METAL TRUNCHEON.

46.TESSEN JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING THE IRON HANDFAN.

47.BOJUTSU : STAFF ART

48. JOJUTSU : STICK ART

49.SODEGARAMI JUTUS : A TECHNIQUE EMPLOYING A CHAIN BALL SICKLE WEAPON

50.SODEGARAMI JUTSU : A TECHNIQUR EMPLOYING A BARBED POLE TO UNDNARE THE VICTIM

POSITIONS/STANCES :- “TACHI” 

1.HEISOKU DACHI : CLOSED FEET STANCE

2.MUSUBI DACHI : KNOT- SHAPED/”V”SHAPED STANCE

3. HEIKO DACHI : PARALLEL STANCE

4.SHIZEN DACHI : NATURAL STANCE

5.SHIZEN DACHI HEIKO : NATURAL STANCE BUT FEET PARALLEL

6.SHIZEN DACHI DAI : WIDE NATURAL STANCE

7.KIBA DACHI : STRADDLE STANCE

8.SHIKO DACHI : HORSE-RIDING STANCE

9.KIHON DACHI : STANCE FROM WHICH MOST BASIS TECHNIQUES ARE PERFORMED

10.ZENKUTSU DACHI : STANCE FROM WHICH MOST BASIC TECHNIQUES ARE PERFORMED

11.ZENKUTSU DACHI : LONG FORWARD STANCE

12.SOKKUTSU DACHI : AS ‘10’ BUT FACING SIDE WARDS

13.KOKUTSU DACHI : AS ‘10’ BUT FACING BACKWARDS

14.RENOJI DACHI : AS ‘10’ BUT BOTH LEGS ON A STRAIGHT LINE.

15.FUDO DACHI : AS ‘9’ BUT AT 45 DEGREE ANGLE

16.SANSHIN DACHI : THREE BATTLE STANCE, I.E. DAME WIDTH AS ‘5’ BUT ONE FOOT SLIGHTLY ADVANCED, FEET TURNED IN & GROING PROTECTED.

17.NEKO-ASHI- DACHI : CAT-FOOT STANCE, I.E. WEIGHT 70% OVER BACK LEG & 30 % 

OVER FRONT LED

18.KOSA DACHI : CROSSED LEGGED STANCE

19.SAGIASHI DACHI : ONE LEGGED CRANE STANCE

20.AYUMI DACHI : WALKING STANCE

21.NAIHANCHIN DACHI : HIGH STRADDLE STANCE

22. ‘T’ SHAPED STANCE

23. UCHI – HACHI – JI DACHI : PIGEON STANCE

BLOCKS “UKE”

1.JODAN AGE UKE : RISING HEAD BLOCK

2. TENSHIN JODAN UKE : EVASIONARY HEAD BLOCK

3.CHUDAN UCHI UKE : INNER MIDDLE LEVEL BLOCK

4.CHUDAN SOTO UKE : OUTER MIDDLE LEVEL BLOCK

5.GEDAN BARAI : DOWNWARD SWEEP BLOCK

6.THENSHIN GEDAN UKE : EVASIONARY LOWER LEVEL BLOCK

7.TETTSUI OTOSHI UKE : DESCENDING HAMMER FIST BLOCK

8.MOROTE UKE : AUGMENTED FOREARM BLOCK

9.SHUTO UKE : KNIFE/SWORD HAND BLOCK

10.EMBI UKE : ELBOW BLOCK

11.KAKE TE UKE NAGASHI : HOOK & SWEEP BLOCK (NAHA – TE)

12.TENSHIN CHDAN UKE : EVASIONARY MIDDLE LEVEL BLOCK

13.HAISHU UKE (URATE UKE) : BACK HAND BLOCK

14.YAMA UKE : MOUNTAIN SHAPED BLOCK

15.UDE UKE : FOREARM BLOCK

16.SUKUI UKE : SCCOPING BLOCK

17.KAKUTO UKE : ARCHER PALM BLOCK

18.KAKUTO UKE : CRANE HEAD BLOCK

19.JUJI UKE : ARCHER PALM BLOCK

20.TENSHO UKE : PALM HEEL BLOCK

21.JUJI UKE : ‘X’ BLOCK

22.NAGASHI UKE : SWEEPING BLOCK

23.OSAE UKE : PRESS BLOCK

24.KAKE WAKE UKE : SEPARATING BLOCK

25.AWASE UKE : JOINED HAND BLOCK

26.SEIRYUTO UKE : JOINED HAND BLOCK

27.KO UKE : ARCH BLOCK

28.CHO UKE : BUTTERFLY BLOCK

29.SOE UKE : UNION BLOCK

30.KAKE UKE : HOOKING BLOCK

STRIKES/PUNCHES (UCHI/TSUKI) 

1.SEIKEN ZUKI : FOREFIST PUNCH

2.TATEKEN ZUKI : INVERTED FIST PUNCH

3.GYAKU ZUKI : REVERSE PUNCH

4.OI ZUKI : LOUNGE PUNCH

5.TETTSUI UCHI : HAMMER/BOTTOM FIST STRIKE

6.SEIRYUTO UCHI : PALM EDGE STRIKE

7.MAEKEN ZUKI : FRONT FIST PUNCH

8. URAKEN UCHI : BACK FIST STRIKE

9. HIRAKEN ZUKI : ANGULAR KNUCKLE PUNCH

10.YONHON UNKITE ZUKI : FOUR FINGER SPEARDHAND

11.TSUKI AGE : RISING PUNCH

12.FURI UCHI : FLARE STRIKE13. SHUTO UCHI : KNIFE/SWORD HAND STRIKE

14.KAITEN ZUKI : SINNING PUNCH

15.MAWASHI ZUKI : ROUNG – HOUSE PUNCH

16.KAGI ZUKI : HOOK PUNCH

17.HAITO UCHI : RIDGE HAND STRIKE

18.TENSHHO UCHI : PALM HEEL STRIKE

19. KIN (TEKI) UCHI : GROIN STRIKE

20.KAIKO KEN ZUKI : OPEN KNUCKLE PUNCH

21.NAKADAKA IPPON KEN : SINGLE MIDDLE KNUCKLE

22.IPPON KEN : SINGLE KNUCKLE

23. HAISHU UCHI (URATE UCHI): BACK HAND STRIKE HIZA/EMBI WAZA

(KNEE/KLBOW TECHNIQUES) 

1. MAE AGE HIZA GERI : FRONT RISING KNEE KICKM

2. MAWASHI HIZA GERI : ROUND – HOUSE KNEE KICK

3. MAE AGE EMBI : FRONT RISING BLOW STRIKE

4. USHIRO EMBI : REAR ELBOW STRIKE 5. OTOSHI EMBI : DESCENDING ELBOW STRIKE

6. YOKO EMBI : SIDE ELBOW STRIKE

7. MAWASHI EMBI : ROUND – HOUSE ELBOW STRIKE

8. MOROTE EMBI : DOUBLE ELBOW

STRIKE KICKS (GERI) 

1.MAE GERI : FRONT KICK

2.KIN (TEKI) GERI : GROIN KICK

3.JUNGERI : LEADING LEG KICK

4.MAWASHI GERI : ROUND – HOUSE KICK

5.GYAKU MAWASHI GERI : INNER/REVERSE ROUND HOUSE KICK

6.URM MAWASHI GERI : BACK ROUND HOUSE KICK i.e. THROUGHT 180 DEGREES

7.KANSETSU GERI : STAMPING KICK (USUALLY TO KNEE JOINT)

8.SURI KOMI GERI : ONE STEP KICKS

9.USHIRO GERI : BACK KICK

10.YOKO GERI : SIDE KICK

11.MIKA ZUKI GERI : CRESCENT KICK

12.USHIRO MAWASHI GERI : SPINNING BACK ROUND HOUSE KICK

13.KAITEN GERI : SPINNING KICK WITH KICKING LEG STRIGHT

14.KAKATO GERI : HEEL OF FOOT KICK

15. KE AGE GERI : SNAP KICK

16.KEKOMI GERI : THRUST KICK

17.TOBI GERI : FLYING KICK

THE TEN ELEMENTS OF “KATA”

 1.YOI NO KISIN : PREPARATION OF THE MIND PRIOR TO PERFORMING THE KATA

2. INYO KEEPING IN MIND BOTH ATTACK AND DEFENSE

3.CHIKARA NO KYOJAKU : AWARENESS OF THE DIFFERING DEGREES OF POWER REQUIRED FOR EACH MOVE/POSITION

4.WAZA NO KANKYU : AWARNESS OF THE SPEED REQUIREMENTS FOR EACH MOVEMENT

5.KOKYU : CORRECT BREATHING

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